|General Audience||vs.||Academic Audience|
|Short paragraphs||vs.||Long paragraphs|
|Engaging, friendly tone||vs.||Serious, academic tone|
|Logical progression/light referencing||vs.||Synthesized claims, heavy referencing|
|Clever wording to encourage insight||vs.||Clarity to avoid misunderstanding|
|Focus on practical application||vs.||Focus on knowledge and scientific advancement|
|Passionate writing with conviction||vs.||Objective writing with solid backing|
|Focus on narrative and relevance to audience||vs.||Focus on data, methods, and results|
|Most appeals are to emotions and authority/character||vs.||Most appeals are to logic and authority/character|
|Hyperlinks or endnotes for references||vs.||In-text citations and reference lists in APA format (or another style guide)|
Give an example of something you've read recently that was written for an academic audience (like a research article, lab report, scholarly book, etc.). Now explain at least three ways the academic text was different than something you've recently read that was written for a general audience (online newspaper, blog, Instagram, etc.).
Analyze, Approach, Area, Assess, Assume, Authority, Available, Benefit, Concept, Consist, Constitute, Context, Contract, Create, Data, Define, Derive, Distribute, Economy, Environment, Establish, Estimate, Evident, Export, Factor, Finance, Formula, Function, Identify, Income, Indicate, Individual, Interpret, Involve, Issue, Labor, Legal, Legislate, Major, Method, Occur, Percent, Period, Policy, Principle, Proceed, Process, Require, Research, Respond, Role, Section, Sector, Significant, Similar, Source, Specific, Structure, Theory, Vary
Choose 3 words from the Academic Word List (above) and explain why you think they specifically are used much more frequently in academic texts than in general texts.
Brigham Young University
Cristie Cowles Charles teaches writing and literature courses at Brigham Young University in Provo, Utah. She enjoys sparking a love for writing in her students--or at least a love for having had written (it's always worth it in the end, right?). She thinks pumpkin pie counts as a vegetable, is married to a super hot mechanical engineering and neuroscience professor (yes, they exist), and adores her five magnificent children.
Julie H. Haupt is an Associate Professor in the School of Family Life. Across many years at Brigham Young University, she has taught advanced writing courses in family life, business, and psychology.