• Assessing Wellbeing in Schools
  • Introduction
  • A Measure Suited for Your School
  • Measures of Child Wellbeing
  • Measures of Child Wellbeing at School
  • Measures of Adult Wellbeing
  • Measures of Adult Wellbeing at Work
  • Measures of Cultural Wellbeing
  • Other Resources
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  • Positive and Negative Affect Schedule for Children (PANAS-C)

    Audience: ChildCost: Free
    This measure is for childrenThis is a free measure

    This assessment, similar to the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) for adults, is a valid and reliable tool to assess the frequency of positive and negative emotions in children. While it is often used to assess anxiety and depression in youth, it can also be used to assess the positive emotions that contribute to wellbeing. The PANAS-C consists of 29 self-report questions children can respond to on a 5-point Likert scale according to the frequency they experienced each emotion during the past week. There is a shortened 10-item version of this schedule which is similar in validity and is more efficient to administer.

    Pros for Schools

    Cons for Schools

    29 questions with a shortened version of 10 questions
    Reliable and valid
    For children

    Assesses only positive and negative emotions

    Suggestions for Further Research

    Ebesutani, C., Regan, J., Smith, A., Reise, S., Higa-McMillan, C., & Chorpita, B. F. (2012). The 10-item positive and negative affect schedule for children, child and parent shortened versions: Application of item response theory for more efficient assessment. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 34(2), 191–203. doi: 10.1007/s10862-011-9273-2.  

    Laurent, J., Catanzaro, S. J., Joiner, T. E., Jr., Rudolph, K. D., Potter, K. I., Lambert, S., Osborne, L., & Gathright, T. (1999). A measure of positive and negative affect for children: Scale development and preliminary validation. Psychological Assessment, 11(3), 326–338. https://edtechbooks.org/-eiJx

    This content is provided to you freely by BYU Open Learning Network.

    Access it online or download it at https://open.byu.edu/wellbeing/PANAS-C.