Positive and Negative Affect Schedule for Children (PANAS-C)

Keywords: Audience: Child, Cost: Free
This measure is for childrenThis is a free measure

This assessment, similar to the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) for adults, is a valid and reliable tool to assess the frequency of positive and negative emotions in children. While it is often used to assess anxiety and depression in youth, it can also be used to assess the positive emotions that contribute to wellbeing. The PANAS-C consists of 29 self-report questions children can respond to on a 5-point Likert scale according to the frequency they experienced each emotion during the past week. There is a shortened 10-item version of this schedule which is similar in validity and is more efficient to administer.

Pros for Schools

Cons for Schools

29 questions with a shortened version of 10 questions
Reliable and valid
For children

Assesses only positive and negative emotions

Suggestions for Further Research

Ebesutani, C., Regan, J., Smith, A., Reise, S., Higa-McMillan, C., & Chorpita, B. F. (2012). The 10-item positive and negative affect schedule for children, child and parent shortened versions: Application of item response theory for more efficient assessment. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 34(2), 191–203. doi: 10.1007/s10862-011-9273-2.  

Laurent, J., Catanzaro, S. J., Joiner, T. E., Jr., Rudolph, K. D., Potter, K. I., Lambert, S., Osborne, L., & Gathright, T. (1999). A measure of positive and negative affect for children: Scale development and preliminary validation. Psychological Assessment, 11(3), 326–338. https://edtechbooks.org/-eiJx


CC BY-NC: This work is released under a CC BY-NC license, which means that you are free to do with it as you please as long as you (1) properly attribute it and (2) do not use it for commercial gain.

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