Lindgren, M. (August 18, 2010) Gapminder Foundation, www.gapminder.org/downloads/200-years (This links to the teacher's guide and this https://equitypress.org/-ozXI links to the video).
Through analyzing income and life expectancy rates from the 1800’s until the present, a new understanding of the relation between resources and opportunity within the world can be attained. Many, from students to educators, often misunderstand or do not see a connection between the two sets of data, thus creating false ideas of the world around them. One such fallacy is the idea that a country with a low life expectancy rate must not harbor any population that can live to old age, which is a common misunderstanding. These assumptions are incorrect, and, as educators, it is important to understand and explain clearly the correct specifics relating to the data at hand. For this purpose, a glossary of terms is included to assist in clearly identifying and explaining the situations at hand.
Using the glossary, consider calculations behind ‘income per person’ and ‘life expectancy’. Address the numerous factors that can and do affect these statistics, and begin exploring why/how income and health relate. Gapminder provides an interactive chart that displays 200 years worth of statistics regarding income and life expectancy. Using the chart, an educator can spark various conversations within the classroom as they explain connected developments from the 1800’s to present day.
Absolute Poverty: Universal measurement of poverty when one cannot afford food
Absolute Poverty Line: Living on $1.25 or less a day (as of 2005)
Agriculture Economy: Based on production and effectiveness of agriculture in a society, universally the most basic form of economy.
Death Rates: Number of deaths divided by population (age specific for life expectancy measurements)
Disaster Conditions: Factors that interrupt long term trends for health and income, ie: War, famine, genocide, epidemics, outbreaks, economic and financial crisis. Short term interruptions.
High Income: Population with income of $20,000 or more. Country receives this status if the majority reside in this state.
Income per person: Same measurement as GDP per capita
Industry Economy: Based on other needs aside from food, such as clothing, housing, etc. Generally follows agriculture.
Industrialization: The shift from agriculture economies to industry, eventually leading to rise in average incomes and vice versa.
Life Expectancy: Average based on number of deaths within a population through all ages. Based on one year’s data.
Life Table: Table to assist in calculating life expectancy of a country, based on a theoretical population of 100,000
Low Income: Population making less than $2,000 income, Country receives this status if the majority reside in this state.
Middle Income: Population making between $2,000 and $20,000. Country receives this status if the majority reside in this state.
Relative Poverty: Specific measurement of poverty, when one lives below the standard of living that is culturally accepted and normal within a country
Service Economy: Based on the access to superfluous goods due to higher average income. Follows high income countries/populations.
Surveys: Data based on representative interviews of a population