Ludwig van Beethoven wrote Symphony no. 3 between 1803-1804, initially dedicating the work to Napoleon Bonaparte. At the time Bonaparte's anti-monarchical ideals embodied the growing nationalism and belief in the rights of common people, a quality that Beethoven admired. He withdrew that admiration when Bonaparte proclaimed himself Emperor of the French, preferring instead the subtitle, "Eroica," meaning heoric. In 1806 the published subtitle read, "Heoric Symphony, composed to celebrate the memory of a great man."
This content is provided to you freely by BYU Open Learning Network.
Access it online or download it at https://open.byu.edu/new/symphony_no_3_op_55_by_ludwig_von_beethoven_eroica.