Now that your planning stage is complete, you can begin writing your draft. Your writing should be organized, developed, accurate, and original.
Writing has unity when the supporting sentences all work together to support the topic sentences. Paragraphs that lack unity are confusing to the reader because some ideas do not seem to belong.
Compare the examples below. The first paragraph has poor unity because there are sentences that do not support the topic sentence. The topic sentence is about the various places in Utah where there are hiking trails for people to enjoy nature.
Hikers all over Utah can access hiking trails and enjoy nature. Hiking is a good way to get exercise. In southern Utah, hikers enjoy the scenic trails in Zion’s National Park. In northern Utah, trails have been made to showcase the beauties of nature like Waterfall Canyon. Waterfalls all over the world are beautiful. There are hiking paths in Utah’s Rocky Mountains as well that provide beautiful views. But you don’t have to go up to the mountains or drive up the canyon to access hiking trails in Utah. Many cities in Utah have created hiking trails in city parks for people to use that are closer to home. If you like to spend time hiking in nature, there are many hiking trails you can access in Utah.
You can revise a paragraph that lacks unity by removing any sentences that do not support the topic sentence.
Remember that a body paragraph has three types of sentences: topic sentences, supporting sentences, and concluding sentences. All of the sentences below belong to a paragraph about applying to a university in the U.S. First label each type of sentence (TS, SS, CS) on the first line provided. Then, put them in a logical sequence by writing a number on the second line provided.
_____ _____ A. In your investigation, there are many questions you need to ask.
_____ _____ B. First, you need to make a list of universities that you would like to attend.
_____ _____ C. Of the universities left on the list, consider which university you like the best
based on any other personal reasons (location, atmosphere, etc.).
_____ _____ D. For example, you need to find out what programs they offer, how much they
cost, and what the entrance requirements are.
_____ _____ E. Deciding which university you want to apply to is simple, but not easy.
_____ _____ F. After you have all of the information you need, then cross off any universities
that don’t match your goals or fit with your situation.
_____ _____ G. Then, investigate each university on the list.
_____ _____ H. If you follow these steps, deciding on a university is a simple step in the
process of applying to a university in the U.S.
Choose one of the topic sentences below. On a piece of paper, write a body paragraph using that topic sentence.
Use the hook and thesis statement to finish an introduction paragraph. Write your complete paragraph on a piece of paper.
Hook: Cars are a modern convenience that allow for greater independence.
Thesis: Learning how to drive requires practice, learning the driving rules, and knowing how to operate a car.
Read the paragraphs. Cross out sentences that are not connected to the topic sentence.